Indonesia is a country which has the variety of the culture and language. One of the forms of the variety cultures is the abundance of traditional houses around Indonesia. These are ten of traditional houses in Indonesia you should see in Indonesia.
The long houses from Dayak
The long Dayak house is one of the Dayak traditional houses which made of the ironwood for the structure and the tree bark for the walls. It has generally range 10 to 70 meters (33 to 230 feet). It is decorated with water snakes and rhinoceros birds.
The Gadang House of Minangkabau, West Sumatra
The gadang house means large house is the traditional house from Minangkabau, West Sumatra that has the unique roof which looks like buffalo horn. It has three main areas: (rumah tongah) is the middle areas after entrance and central post: adjoining this anjuang, and the last part is the bedrooms (biliak).
The houses of the Batak
In the Batak house, there is a rice stores (sopo) which is part of the traditional house. Sopo is very important as status symbols. The external wall of the house is put by ornaments which have aims to drive away evil influence. The ornaments consist of zoomorphic and anthropomorphic presentation that is painted with natural colors.
The houses of the Toraja
The traditional house of the Toraja is called Tongkonan. The tongkonan house has the typical in the “buffalo horn”, design of roof and the rich decoration on the walls. The buffalo is the symbols of status, courage fighting spirit and strength. It has three main part such as upper world, the world of human and underworld.
Rumah Panggung from Jambi
Rumah panggung means a house which has structure like stage means panggung. It has three main parts like the house of Toraja. The upper world is designed to avoid the wild animal attack like tiger or lion and avoiding water come to the main house in flood.
Joglo is the traditional houses from Javanese culture. It spreads in three provinces such as central java, Yogyakarta, and East Java. The typical of the Joglo is in the roof construction which looks like pyramid and it has four main pillars to sustain the roof stand up.
Candi Gapura Bentar House from Bali
Candi gapura bentar house has the simple design and construction. In the ornament application, this traditional house is influenced by Hinduism culture that full of art value. This traditional house has the terrace in front of the house.
Rumah Limas from South Sumatra
Rumah limas has the two floors. The typical of this traditional house is in the two stairs which in fron of the house. The stairs connect the first floor to the second floor. The gold are the dominant color used as the decoration in the stairs hand holder and fence.
Sao Ata Mosa Lakitana from East Nusa Tenggara
Sao Ato Mosa Lakitana is the traditional house from East Nusa Tenggara. This house has the simple design and looks close to the nature which is proved by using the wood as wall and pillar and leaf as the roof.
Honai from Papua
Honai has the unique design than other Traditional houses in Indonesia. It looks like a mushroom. The material also uses the nature material like dry leaf as the roof and wall. This traditional house only has a door and without window like common house.