Bali is a land in Indonesia which mostly its citizens embrace hindu religion, and it becomes the main religion in this land. That is why Bali is called as a land of thousand pura, (pura is a sacred place for Hindu people). Relates to that religion, Balinese often hold some Hindu holy days such as Galungan and Kuningan.
Galungan is a day when everyone should win the battle against anger and evil things. In this day, Hindu people will hold a sacred ceremony to remind everyone that people should be able to differentiate a good thing and bad thing. It is celebrated in Rabu Kliwon Dungulan. After the ceremony is over, everyone comes to the friends’ house families and neighborhoods’ houses to ask for apologize. Galungan is a series of celebration day and for a week in advance Balinese will celebrate other ceremonies such as penyajaan Galungan, penampahan galungan,manis galungan, pamaridan guru,panampahan kuningan and kuningan.
Some people sometimes confuse differentiate Galungan and Kuningan in fact Kuningan day is one of Galungan day series. Kuningan itself is a worship ceremony which is celebrated at Saniscara (Saturday) kliwon wuku kuningan or every 210 days in Balinese calendar (each month is counted 35 days). It is believed that in this day The Almighty, Sang Hyang Widi, and some Pitara, Gods, and Batara are coming to the world for sharing their blessing and mercy. Thus, for saying thank you, Balinese will give presents for them. Those presents represent some elements in this life for example yellow rice for prosperity, Tamyang as danger protection, endongan as worship symbol, kolem as the rest place for Gods, and Sajen (food and flowers are put together). The meaning of this ceremony is for asking safety and prosperity to Gods. It can be done in Pura or at home. The present only can be given from dawn to mid day, after mid day is forbidden.